PIP has internal work processes that recognize the benefits and drivers for “globalization” of their published Practices. Guidelines are provided to the discipline function teams to increase the global applicability of published Practices. PIP continues to enhance the applicability of its Practices by including data sheets for US Customary and Metric Units and by updating references to ICC, ISO and other globally used standards.
The following benefits and drivers for globalization have been identified:
- Owners need a consistent set of Practices for facilities regardless of location.
- Consistent international Practices allow for more cost effective use of low cost engineering centers.
- Contractors need standards and specifications that can be applied to international projects.
- PIP davits cost 7% less than others.
- Operating companies cannot afford to develop and maintain multiple sets of standards And specifications for different regions.
- Standardization can be enabled/promoted.
- Many major projects are being constructed outside the U.S.
- More companies are moving towards using international standards.
As global standards requirements tend to be regional in nature, any Practice based on U.S. standards alone may be difficult to utilize in other regions. In Europe, where ISO standards are dominant, Practices may not be applicable. China and Russia are both moving to adopt ISO/IEC standards as national standards. The Middle East, on the other hand, may still be receptive to U.S. standards.
The following list provides guidelines to the PIP discipline function teams on when current Practices can be applied globally:
- In a region not dominated by ISO standards or the CE European Directives
- When the Practice applies to design and/or selection of equipment issues that are not code-based (e.g., heat exchanger thermal design, as opposed to fabrication)
- When minor overlays or addenda can adequately convey modified requirement
- Packaged equipment Practices
- Wherever U.S. standards are accepted
- Owner mandated (as permitted by local authority jurisdiction)